Muzzleloader Deer Hunting

Muzzleloader deer hunting with Mid-America Hunting Association covers Mule and Whitetail Deer, pre rut, trail and post rut hunts. Starting early in Kansas then again during regular firearms. Later in Missouri and even later yet in Iowa. Inline, solid propellant and scopes are legal in all three states.

Within the Association muzzleloader hunters are a minority group. Each having more places to hunt than time. The interest for muzzleloader is along lines of Kansas’ early and Iowa’s late seasons. These seasons are unique to may hunters as they are outside reproduction motivated behavior. Rather these periods require deer hunting tactics suited for deer patterns based on food and survival.

Kansas Early Muzzleloader Season

Kansas muzzleloader deer season is before the rut. On bachelor group bucks. That same tag allows a muzzleloader hunter to return during the regular firearms deer season for a second hunt.

The earlier Kansas muzzleloader deer season is also unique hunting experience as tree stands are a secondary method of pursuing these bucks. These deer at this time of the year hardly move more than required. Usually not more than 5 to 10 acres. A black powder hunter is well advised to put on leather boots to first scout out these grouped bucks. Then once found, use binoculars to pattern their highly routine daylight movement patterns before any hunt.

Once patterned it is simply a matter of interdicting their daily movement without impacting on their core bedding area. That is when a tree stand comes into play. While this seems easy to read then apply this Kansas muzzleloader deer season is not an easy hunt. The difficulty is foliage which will force tree stands lower than wanted and may make 10 yard shots on standing deer sometimes an impossibility.

The Kansas muzzleloader season is well before any fall frost initiating leaf color change and drop. All edge lines will be as heavy into leaves as they will ever be. Tall prairie grass will be high. While all hope for a good clear profile shot the reality will be bits and parts of deer bodies through tree and brush keyholes. Combined with warm weather will cause most who try this early hunt to return to better understood peak rut hunts from winter tree stands with clear fields of fire out to several hundred yards.

Member Muzzleloader Deer Success


Early Season

A comment about preferred foods by season may be different than what most folks expect to find when traveling from out of state.

This (right) is an early October picture of deer feeding on what is locally called beans or Soybeans.

(all should remember we write for hunters coming from all over the United States and two foreign countries that may not be familiar with our local agriculture)

The amount of yellow leaf is an indicator of a narrow time frame of the picture. The beans have lost their deep green leaf color overall turning a lighter green. Concurrently, yellow leaf reaching its end of maturity becomes more pronounced as fall progresses right into harvest.

Missouri Muzzleloader Season

Missouri muzzleloader deer season is after their modern firearms season and overlaps with archery season. Unique to this state, the whitetail deer hunter can have both an archery tag and a firearms tag good that also covers Missouri’s muzzleloader season.

For those with a husband and wife hunting team where the husband prefers archery and the wife muzzleloader these two overlapping seasons allow for such a combined deer hunt. It ensures one more option for a spousal team to spend time together in the field.







Iowa Muzzleloader Season

Iowa rounds out muzzleloader deer hunts late in the year. A similar option compared to Kansas where hunters are pursuing whitetail’s outside of any rut activity. When bucks have returned to more predictable movement patterns. This is another case where a beginning of any deer hunt is scouting with firearm seeking out loafing and bedding areas. Food is often plentiful in waste grain.

A time of year when the initial part of a hunt is on foot followed by tree stand interdiction of movement patterns. Food will be a prime director of behavior due to this northern of our three states earlier and colder winter with much more snowfall. For the greatest predicable whitetail behavior a colder winter with snow cover means a greater dependence on foraging the many large grain crop fields. That combined with good shelter habitat gives a hunter a better view of where to seek out his buck.


Members can hunt multiple states for multiple species, so those members will be counted numerous times.